Wednesday, May 04, 2011

NEO CANDO Updates: Social and Economic Data - 04/11


NEO CANDO Updates: Social and Economic Data
April 2011

In this Update:
2010 Census Redistricting Data
2009-2010 CMSD Enrollment, Attendance and Proficiency Test Data
2006-2008 Birth Data
2009 HMDA Data

2010 Census Redistricting Data
The Census 2010 redistricting data are now available for the 17 NEO CANDO counties. Some census boundaries change from Census year to Census year. In order to compare data between the 2000 and 2010 Censuses, we used GIS techniques to put the 2010 Census data into 2000 census boundaries.  This is the same method we used to put the 1990 Census data into 2000 census boundaries.

Nine of the seventeen counties in NEO CANDO experienced total population decreases between 2000 and 2010 (Ashtabula, Columbiana, Cuyahoga, Erie, Mahoning, Richland, Stark, Summit, and Trumbull counties) and seven counties (Ashland, Geauga, Huron, Lake, Lorain, Portage and Wayne) experienced population gains.  Cuyahoga County, with a decrease of more than 8%, had the biggest drop and Medina County, with an increase of more than 14%, had the greatest population gain between 2000 and 2010.

The map below illustrates population changes in the minor civil divisions (cities and townships) of the seventeen NEO CANDO counties. For more information about total population changes in your community, visit (

2009-2010 CMSD Enrollment, Attendance and Proficiency Test Data
The 2009-2010 Cleveland Municipal School District (CMSD) Enrollment, Attendance and Proficiency Test data have been added to NEO CANDO.  The map below illustrates percent change in student enrollment by Cleveland Statistical Planning Areas (SPAs) from school years 2000-2001 to 2009-2010.
Enrollment data are from the Cleveland Metropolitan School District.  For more information about CMSD enrollment, attendance and proficiency test data, visit

2006-2008 Birth Data
The 2006-2008 birth data are now available.  We implemented several changes beginning with the 2006 Birth data.  Because of these changes, the data prior to 2006 may not be comparable to data for 2006 and later.

1)         In 2006 Ohio implemented the 2003 Revision of the US Standard Certificate of Birth, for more information see  Several indicators are affected by this change from the earlier 1989 Revision, including births with adequate prenatal care, prenatal care begun in first trimester, births with no prenatal care, and educational attainment of birth mothers.  Education: Categories for mother’s education were revised in 2006. Prior to 2006, mother’s education was categorized according to the number of years of school attended. Starting in 2006, revised categories do not provide number of years of education, but rather the highest degree attained. We re-classified the 2006 categories to make them comparable to the categories used previously. Prenatal Care: Beginning with data year 2006, substantive changes in both question wording and the sources for the prenatal care information based on the 2003 revision of the birth certificate have resulted in data that are not comparable with the previous 1989 revision that was in use through 2005. The wording of the prenatal care item was modified to ‘‘Date of first prenatal visit’’ from ‘‘Month prenatal care began.’’ In addition, the 2003 revision process resulted in recommendations that the prenatal care information be gathered from the prenatal care or medical records, whereas the 1989 revision did not recommend a source for these data.  These data elements also have significantly higher numbers of missing values in 2006 and 2007 compared to previous years.

2)      Premature Births:  Prior to 2006, we determined premature births based on the clinical estimate of gestational age of the newborn.  Beginning in 2006, we began using “combined estimate of gestation”, which is a combination of the calculated gestational age based on the reported date of last menstrual period, and if the calculated age is not available, then the clinical estimate is used.  The new method is more consistent with National Center for Health Statistics methods.

3)      Updated Geocoding:  Our geocoding methods were updated beginning with the 2006 data.  This may result in more complete counts by census tract, neighborhood, municipality, etc.  The overall county totals should not be affected by this change.

Birth Data are from Ohio Department of Health, Vital Statistics Division. The data are updated annually and are available for the 17 NEO CANDO counties from 1990-2008. For more information about birth data, visit

2009  HMDA Data
The 2009 HMDA data are available on NEO CANDO.  The Federal Reserve Board revised the rules for reporting price information on higher-priced loans.   Before October 1, 2009, home purchase loans with rate spread are those loans with an interest rate that is 3 percentage points higher (first-lien) or 5 percentage points higher (subordinate-lien) than the Treasury Security Yield.  Under the amended rule, for loan applications taken on or after October 1, 2009, interest rates are compared with the Average Prime Offer Rate (APOR) instead.   Lenders report the spread if the spread is equal to or greater than 1.5 percentage points for a first-lien loan or 3.5 percentage points for a subordinate-lien loan.  Thus, rate spread data for the latter part of 2009 are not comparable to prior years.  For more information about the HMDA data, visit